Cervical Spine

Cervical Spine References: • Trauma causing delayed instability • High incidence of delayed instability • Significance of hyerflexion injuries • Names of the ligaments subject to injury • Unstable nature of an anterior subluxation Croft AC: Physical Examination, In Foreman SM, Croft AC (Eds): Whiplash Injuries: the Cervical Acceleration/Deceleration Syndrome, Baltimore, William & Wilkins (1995):…

Read more
Whiplash injuries

Whiplash injuries much less likely to occur in cars with new seat/head restraint combination, advanced crash tests show

The first U.S. crash tests conducted with the world’s most advanced rear impact dummy demonstrate that the new seatback/head restraint combination in Volvo S80s successfully reduces the sudden motion of the head relative to the torso that causes many whiplash injuries. The new design represents an improvement even when compared with other Volvo seatback/head restraint…

Read more

Whiplash: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Associated Injuries

What is CAD? CAD is cervical acceleration / deceleration injury. There have been numerous authors have reported a disturbing increase in the incidence of CAD in recent years (1326). Holm et al. (1271) reported an increase in medical impairment attributable to CAD (WAD or whiplash-associated disorder was their term) from 16% in 1989 to 28%…

Read more

Backover Crash

A backover crash occurs when a vehicle backs into a person such as a pedestrian or bicyclist, often when exiting a driveway or parking spot. These crashes typically are at low speeds. Crashes that involve multiple vehicles or vehicles that back into objects aren’t considered backover crashes. How widespread is the backover problem? Government databases…

Read more
Whiplash

Whiplash

1. What is whiplash? The term “whiplash” is used to describe a variety of neck injuries that often occur in rear-end crashes. The most common of these are a mild muscle strain and minor tearing of soft tissue. Other injuries include nerve damage, disk damage and, in the most severe cases, ruptures of ligaments in…

Read more